Remove an Item From a Dictionary in Swift

In Swift, dictionaries are an unordered collection of paired data or key-value pairs. They are very useful when you need to store data that has a specific association between a key and a value. However, sometimes you might want to remove certain items from the dictionary.

In this tutorial, you will learn about different ways to remove items from a dictionary in Swift.

Removing a Single Item

Method 1: Using removeValue(forKey:)

This method allows you to remove a key-value pair from a dictionary. You just need to provide the key for the item you want to remove. Here’s how you can do it:

// Create an empty dictionary
var myDictionary = [String: String]()

// Add elements to the dictionary
myDictionary["firstName"] = "Sergey"
myDictionary["lastName"] = "Kargopolov"
myDictionary["email"] = "[email protected]"

// Print to preview

// Remove element using key
myDictionary.removeValue(forKey: "lastName")

// Print the dictionary to preview


["email": "[email protected]", "firstName": "Sergey", "lastName": "Kargopolov"]
["email": "[email protected]", "firstName": "Sergey"]

In the above example, you first create an empty dictionary named myDictionary  and then add items to this dictionary. Then you remove an item from this dictionary usingremoveValue(forKey:) the method. You remove the Kargopolov from this dictionary using it’s key lastName.

After executing these lines of code, myDictionary would be ["email": "[email protected]", "firstName": "Sergey"].

Method 2: Setting the Value to nil

Another way to remove a key-value pair from a dictionary is by setting the value of the key to nil:

var myDictionary = ["firstName": "Sergey", "lastName": "Kargopolov", "email":"[email protected]"]

myDictionary["lastname"] = nil



["lastName": "Kargopolov", "email": "[email protected]", "firstName": "Sergey"]
["lastName": "Kargopolov", "email": "[email protected]", "firstName": "Sergey"]

You are doing the same thing as before just using a different method. But wait! Can you notice something weird? The item is not removed. Take time to find out the problem.

Let’s explain. It is a very common mistake. You haven’t correctly named the key. The key should be lastName. The correct code is given below:

var myDictionary = ["firstName": "Sergey", "lastName": "Kargopolov", "email":"[email protected]"]

myDictionary["lastName"] = nil



["firstName": "Sergey", "lastName": "Kargopolov", "email": "[email protected]"]
["firstName": "Sergey", "email": "[email protected]"]

Again, after executing these lines of code, myDictionary would be ["email": "[email protected]", "firstName": "Sergey"].

Removing Multiple Items Using remove(at:)

If you have an array of keys and you want to remove multiple items from the dictionary, you can use the remove(at:) method. However, you should note that dictionaries are unordered collections, so the order of the items may not be what you expect. Here’s how you can do it:

var myDictionary = ["firstName": "Sergey", "lastName": "Kargopolov", "email": "[email protected]"]
let keysToRemove = ["firstName", "lastName"]
for key in keysToRemove {
   if let index = myDictionary.index(forKey: key) {
       myDictionary.remove(at: index)


In the above example, You are looping through an array name keysToRemove and removing the given keys that match to the dictionary key. You removed items for keys "firstName" and "lastName"]. Only the item [email protected] for the key email will remain.


["email": "[email protected]"]

Removing All Items Using removeAll()

If you want to remove all items from the dictionary, you can use the removeAll() method:

//Create Dictionary
var myDictionary = ["firstName": "Sergey", "lastName": "Kargopolov", "email":"[email protected]"]

// print to preview

// Remove all elements from a dictionary
// print dictionary to preview

removeAll() is self-explanatory. It removes all the items from the dictionary and myDictionary would be an empty dictionary.


In conclusion, removing items from a dictionary in Swift can be done in various ways depending on whether you want to remove a single item or multiple items. Remember that dictionaries are unordered collections, so always make sure to handle cases where the key you want to remove doesn’t exist in the dictionary to avoid unexpected behavior.

To learn more about Swift, check out other Code Examples in Swift.

Happy coding!

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